Portugal

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Portugal's Flag

Flag FactsThe Green Represents hope and the red represents the Portuguese Revolution of 1910. The blue shields represent the first king, Alfanso Henriques the First's victory over five Moorish kings. The white dots in them represent the five wounds of Christ. The cross of blue shields represent Christianity.


Country Statistics

Area
Population
Landmarks/Physical Features
Major Cities
Resources/Exports
Southwestern Europe
Borders North Atlantic Ocean
West of Spain
92,090 sq. km.
~10,760,305
Rivers
Mountains
Plains
Islands
Libson = Capitol
Amadora
Porto
Braga
Coimbra
Fish
Forests
Iron ore
Copper
Zinc
Tin
Tungsten
Silver
Gold
Uranium
Marble
Clay
Gypsum
Salt
Hydro Power

Culture

Portuguese Cuisine

The food in Portugal varies by region. But fish and shell fish are always on the menu. The national dish is Bacalhau or dried, salted cod. Another important dish is grilled sardines. Some of the foods that we are familiar with are Portuguese Bean Soup, Malasadas, and Sweet Bread.They have a variety of foods that consist of breads, soups, meats, and fish. The Estremadura region, that includes Libson, is famous for it's seafood. It has one of the largest fish markets in the country. The Algrave region contributes a centuries-old tradition almond and fig sweets.
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Bacalhau, The National Dish
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Grilled Sardines

Religions and Traditions

The religions are Roman Catholic (84.5%), other Christian (2.2%), none (3.9%), other (0.3%), and unknown (9%).
Most holidays are centered around the Christian calender. Some of the holidays are Easter, Good Friday, New Years, and All Saints day. Only a few are highly recognized. St. Anthony Day on June 13 is recognized because he was born in Portugal in 1995. Another saint is St. Martin of Tours on November 11th. They call this day Feast of Sao Martinho. The most important holiday is Christmas. Also known as Christmas in Vila Velha.
The Portuguese have strong Catholic beliefs. They believe that if they worship the Saints and give them offerings, they will be cured of any illnesses.They also believe in the rite of passage such as Baptism, Confirmation, and Marriage.
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Catholic Cross
Physical Geography
In Portugal there are mountains, rivers, plains, and islands. On the west coast is the Atlantic Ocean. North of the Tagus River, Portugal had mountains. South of the Tagus River is rolling plains. Serra Da Stela and Serra Do Caramulo are mountains found in Portugal. A lake in Portugal is the Lake of Aguieira. The Azores and Madera Islands are apart of Portugal.


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The Tagus River



Braga

Braga is the third major city in Portugal. It is 183.51 km squared. Braga is one of the oldest Portuguese cities and one of the oldest Christian cities. It has about 62 parishes. Braga also has some Ancient Relics like baroque churches. There are hotels and many tourist sites. There are many attractive gardens like the Santa Barbara Garden located in the Archbishop's Palace. One of the most beautiful sanctuaries in Portugal is the Sautuario do Bom Jesus Monte. It was designed by Carlos Amarante in the 18th century.
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Santa Barbara Garden


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Satuario do Bom Jesus Monte